My first Orwell was a battered copy of Down and Out in Paris and London found in a secondhand bookstore for a dollar. It is still on my shelf. I read Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four at school and over the next few years bought my own copies. Decline of the English Murder and Other Essays, Homage to Catalonia and a favourite collection, Inside the Whale have been with me from this time at university too. I steadily added to my collection with many books being bought inexpensively online, including quality first editions, often from far afield, some in much sought after dust jackets. My Orwell library has become extensive…obsessively extensive perhaps. It has become a kind of compulsion. 😉


Collecting First Editions

What is the curious attraction of first editions? This link will give you an idea of the prices Orwell’s books fetch when housed in their highly sought after dust jackets, especially works published during the 1930s. A signed copy of any first edition by Orwell will sell for an astronomical price. Recent auctions at Sotheby’s suggest George Orwell (1903-1950) will continue to be an extraordinarily important writer to collectors for the foreseeable future. 

My collection is now complete with all first editions of the books published – both in the USA and UK – during Orwell’s lifetime on the shelf. All of these first editions now have facsimile or genuine dust jackets except his first book, Down and Out in London and Paris. This includes both the American and UK editions of Nineteen Eighty-Four*  – which were printed less than a week apart – and Animal Farmwhich had a very small print run (or at least the UK version did). The facsimile covers are stunning and I am pleased to have the American printing of Orwell’s last novel in an original dust jacket. It is gratifying to have two of my absolute favourites – The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius and Critical Essays – in very good, original covers too. All of my later American first editions have very good to fine original dust jackets.

* Recently procured a signed first UK edition signed “George Orwell” (last sold in Melbourne at auction in 2013 but my research shows Leon Gellert signed it himself to avoid lending his “presentation copy” to friends). On a trip to the Isle of Jura, Orwell’s son, Richard Blair, signed both the US and UK first editions at Barnhill.

UK firstsORWELL FIRSTSall UK and US first editions

First Editions


There were a few of Orwell’s books that I really coveted, tracked down and purchased at unbelievably good prices. Inside the Whale, which only had a 1000 copies printed (and some of those were destroyed during “The Blitz” in London) became possible when I procured a copy from a collector in South Africa selling his library. He also sold me a doubleplusgood copy of Orwell’s, Homage to Catalonia. The first UK edition of Down and Out in Paris and London with a genuine dust jacket is the book I most covet but am unlikely to ever own considering the price asked for Orwell’s first book. I am lucky enough to have a genuine first edition (and also a third impression, printed in the same month in January) without their dust jackets. It is fitting that Orwell’s first book I collected was the last one added to my shelf. A gorgeous US first edition with a facsimile cover sits alongside it. I have just added (2019) the rare pamphlet, James Burnham and the Managerial Revolution (1946) to my collection. It would be nice to pick-up some more first editions with original dust jackets but that is becoming increasingly unlikely. However, I have finally found (December 2019) the extremely rare copy with a dust jacket of Talking to India: A Selection of English Language Broadcasts to India (edited with an Introduction by George Orwell). 






First Editions


Gillian Fenwick has greatly assisted with my quest to understand Orwell’s publishing history. Her comprehensive, George Orwell: a Bibliography, is an essential guide and I highly recommend it to collectors. Below I have listed the edition published first and then usually the American first follows. Burmese Days, is the only one of Orwell’s novels to be originally published in the USA (due to concerns re: libel in the UK). It is also the only one of his books (along with the American edition of Down and Out in Pais and London) that has “Eric Blair” on the copyright page rather than “George Orwell”.


Down and Out in Paris and LondonVictor Gollancz, 1933 (1500 copies printed)

Down and Out in Paris and LondonVictor Gollancz, 1933 Third Impression (1500 copies followed by another 500 for the second impression and then 1000 for this third impression – all in January)

Down and Out in Paris and LondonHarper and Brothers, 30th June 1933 (First American edition 1750 copies printed)

Burmese Days, Harper and Brothers, 25th October 1934 (First American edition 2000 copies printed)

Burmese days

Burmese Days, Victor Gollancz, 24 June 1935 (2500 printed)

A Clergyman’s Daughter, Victor Gollancz, 20 March 1935 (2000 printed)

A (The) Clergyman’s Daughter, Harper and Brothers, 17 August 1936 (First American edition 500 or 1000 copies printed) NB Title misprinted as ‘The’

Keep the Aspidistra FlyingVictor Gollancz, 20 April 1936 (3000 printed but hundreds destroyed during “The Blitz”)

Keep the Aspidistra FlyingHarcourt, Brace and Company, January 1956 (First American edition)

The Road to Wigan Pier,  Left Book Club edition, February 1937 (45,150 printed)

The Road to Wigan Pier, Victor Gollancz, 8 March 1937 (2150 printed)

The Road to Wigan Pier, Harcourt and Brace, 1958 (First American edition)

Homage to CataloniaSecker and Warburg, 1938 (1250 copies printed but only 900 sold and the rest remaindered). Signed by Richard Blair at the Poliorama in Barcelona

Homage to CataloniaHarcourt, Brace and Company, May, 1952 (First American edition 4000 copies printed)

Homage to Catalonia, Harcourt, The Folio Society, 1970. 240pp. (34/290 copies printed)

Coming Up For Air, Victor Gollancz, 12th June 1939 (2000 copies printed)

Coming Up For Air, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1950 (First American edition 8000 printed)

Inside the WhaleVictor Gollancz, 11 March 1940 (1000 printed of which an unknown number were destroyed in “The Blitz”)

The Lion and the Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius, Searchlight Books No. 1, Secker and Warburg, February 1941 (5000 printed)

Talking to India

Talking to India; A Selection of English Language Broadcasts to India, London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd Book, 1943 (2000 copies)

Animal Farm, Secker and Warburg, May 1945, (4000 printed)

Animal Farm, Harcourt and Brace, 1946 (First American edition 50,000 copies printed) x 2

Animal Farm, Harcourt and Brace, 1946 (with dust jacket)




Critical essays


Critical EssaysSecker and Warburg, February 1946 (3,028 printed)

Dickens, Dali & Others, Reynal & Hitchcock, 29th April 1946 (First American edition of Critical Essays 5000 copies printed)

James Burnham and the Managerial Revolution, Socialist Book Centre, Strand, London, 1946. 16pp (3,000 copies of this pamphlet were printed although few were distributed. Shortly after its publication, Collett’s the official Communist bookshop in London took over the Socialist Book Centre, much to Orwell’s dismay. This event probably drastically reduced the pamphlet’s circulation.)


The English People, HarperCollins, August 1947 (26,000 printed)

Nineteen Eighty-FourSecker and Warburg, June 1949 (26,575 printed in UK. Presentation copy signed by Leon Gellert pretending it is from George Orwell so as not to have to lend it to friends)


Nineteen Eighty-FourSecker and Warburg, June 1949 (26,575 printed in UK and signed by Richard Blair)

Nineteen Eighty-Four, Harcourt, Brace and Company, June 1949 (First American edition 20,000 copies printed)

Nineteen Eighty-Four, Harcourt, Brace and Company, June 1949 (First American edition in original dust jacket and signed by Richard Blair)

Nineteen Eighty-Four, Secker and Warburg, March 1950 (5570 copies printed of this second impression in UK courtesy of Dennis Glover)

Nineteen Eighty-FourSecker and Warburg, April 1950 (5150 copies copies printed of this third impression in UK of which 3150 were bound up for the Star Edition )

Nineteen Eighty-Four, Secker and Warburg, 1950 (fourth UK impression “reset” with Orwell’s death on the back cover in Cecember 1950 – 4975 copies)

Nineteen Eighty-Four, Secker and Warburg, 1951 (Reprinted July 1951 and usually sold as a ‘fifth impression’ – 4975 copies)

Nineteen Eighty-Four, Secker and Warburg, 1955 (eighth UK impression with 1956 film tie-in cover)


Shooting an Elephant and other essaysSecker and Warburg, 5 October 1950 (7530 printed)

England Your England and other essaysSecker and Warburg, 12 November 1953

Such, Such Were the Joys, Harcourt, Brace and Company,  26 February 1953

The Orwell Reader: Fiction, Essays, and Reportage, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1956

Collected EssaysSecker and Warburg, 1961 

First editions 2

Orwell’s Fiction and Non Fiction

My bookshelves include multiple copies of Orwell’s fiction and non fiction in various editions, including translations in French, German, Spanish, Catalan, Turkish, Hungarian, Chinese and Danish. The Complete Works of George Orwella twenty-volume collection that includes Orwell’s standard published library and eleven chronological volumes of non fiction* with a further supplementary book of ‘lost works’ published a decade later, is a treasure that I have now completely finished reading. It is an excellent scholarly resource.

A Clergyman’s Daughter, Penguin, 1964 (First Penguin edition)

All Art Is Propaganda: Critical Essays, Mariner Books, 2009. 416pp.

Animal Farm, Penguin, 1951. (First Penguin edition)

Animal Farm, Signet Classic #CP12, 1963

Animal Farm, Secker and Warburg, 1971

Animal Farm, Penguin, 1983

Penguin firsts

Animal Farm: A Fairy StoryThe Folio Society, 1984. 104pp. (First edition, illustrated by Quentin Blake)

Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, Harcourt Brace, 1995. 192pp. (Fiftieth Anniversary edition illustrated by Ralph Steadman)

Burmese DaysPopular Library,1952

Burmese Days, Penguin, 1963. (First Signet edition)

Burmese Days, Penguin, 1967. (First Penguin edition)

Burmese Days, Penguin, 2009. (Penguin Modern Edition) Introduction by Emma Larkin

Coming Up For Air, Avon Books, 1956 (No.T-144, first paperback edition with cover art by Lou Marchetti)


Coming Up For Air, Penguin, 1974

Coming Up for Air, The Complete Works of George Orwell  Volume 7, Secker & Warburg, 1986

Decline of the English Murder and Other Essays, Penguin, 1965. 192pp. (First Penguin edition)

Decline of the English Murder and Other Essays, Penguin, 1975. 192pp.

Down and Out in Paris and London, Permabooks, 1954 (“First Printing”)

FullSizeRender 2

Down and Out in Paris and London, Penguin, 1974

Essays (Everyman’s Library Contemporary Classics Series), 2002. 1400pp.

Facing Unpleasant Facts: Narrative Essays, Mariner Books, 2009. 336pp.

Fascism and Democracy, Penguin, 2020. 48pp.

George Orwell: Diaries Liveright, 2012. 624pp.

George Orwell: A Life in Letters, Liveright, 2013. 560pp.

George Orwell in Kent: Hop-Picking, Bridge Books: Kent Edition, 1970. 45pp. #88 of #300. (Reprinting of “Hop-Picking” published in The New Statesman and Nation, 17th of October 1931)

hop picking

George Orwell: The Complete Poetry, Finlay, 2015, 63pp. (one of 500 copies of the first printing of the first edition)

George Orwell: The Complete Poetry, Finlay, 2015, 82pp.

Homage to Catalonia, Penguin, 1979

Homage to Catalonia, Penguin, 1989

In Defence of English Cooking, Pocket Penguin No. 23, 2005

Inside the Whale Other and Other Essays, Penguin, 1966

Keep the Aspidistra Flying, Popular Library Edition, June, 1957 (cover art by Mitchell Hooks)

Keep the Aspidistra Flying, Penguin, 1962. (First Penguin edition)

Nineteen Eighty-Four – The Annotated Edition, Penguin Classics, 2013. 416pp. (edited by DJ Taylor)

Nineteen Eighty-four, Black Inc, 2017, 322pp

Nineteen Eighty-Four, Secker & Warburg, 1999 (50th Anniversary edition illustrated by Alex Williamson)

Nineteen Eighty-Four – ELT, Penguin, 1986. 247pp. (unusual copyright page “Band 27” looks like English text for students as synopsis on the back cover is in German)

Nineteen Eighty-four: The Facsimile of the Extant ManuscriptSecker & Warburg, 1984. 381pp. (edited by Peter Davison) 

Nineteen Eighty-four: The Facsimile of the Extant ManuscriptSecker & Warburg, 1984. 381pp. (edited by Peter Davison) 

Notes on Nationalism, Penguin Classics, 2018. 64pp.

Orwell and PoliticsPenguin, 2001, 560pp.

Orwell and the DispossessedPenguin, 2001, 448pp.

Orwell in Spain, Penguin, 2001, 416pp.

Orwell’s England, Penguin, 2001, 432pp.

Orwell: The Observer YearsAtlantic, 2005, 256pp.

Orwell in Tribune: “As I Please” and other writings, Methuen Publishing, 2007, 240pp.

Orwell: On Freedom, Harvill Secker, 2018. 224pp.

Orwell on Truth, Harvill Secker, 2017. 224pp.

Orwell: The War Broadcasts, Penguin, 1995, 336pp.

Orwell: The War Commentaries, Penguin, 1995, 272pp.

The Road to Wigan Pier, Penguin, 1962 (First Penguin edition)

The Road to Wigan Pier, Penguin, 1969

Seeing Things as They Are: Selected Journalism and Other WritingsHarvill Secker, 2014, 496pp.

Selected Essays, Penguin, 1957 (First Penguin edition)

Selected Writings, edited by George Bott, Heinemann Educational, 1969

Unwelcome Guerrilla: George Orwell and the New Statesman – An Anthology, Manchester Free Press, 1985, 95pp.

The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell (CEJL)

Sonia Orwell and Ian Angus edited a four-volume collection of Orwell’s writings, The Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell. I have many versions, including the American first editions in very good condition with dust jackets.

  • An Age Like This – Volume 1 1920–1940, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World Inc., 1968
  • My Country Right or Left – Volume 2 1940-1943, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World Inc., 1968
  • As I Please – Volume 3 1943-1945, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World Inc., 1968
  • In Front of Your Nose – Volume 4 1945–1950, New York: Harcourt, Brace & World Inc., 1968



  • An Age Like This – Volume 1 1920–1940, Nonpareil Books, 2000, 574pp
  • My Country Right or Left – Volume 2 1940-1943, Nonpareil Books, 2007, 477pp
  • As I Please – Volume 3 1943-1945, Nonpareil Books, 2000, 435pp
  • In Front of Your Nose – Volume 4 1945–1950, Nonpareil Books, 2000, pp


  • An Age Like This – Volume 1 1920–1940, Penguin, 1970. 624pp
  • My Country Right or Left – Volume 2 1940-1943, Penguin, 1970. 470pp.
  • As I Please – Volume 3 1943-1945, Penguin, 1970. 574pp.
  • In Front of Your Nose – Volume 4 1945–1950, Penguin, 1970. 624pp



The Complete Works of George Orwell (CWGO)

Peter Davison edited The Complete Works of George Orwella twenty-volume collection that includes Orwell’s standard published library and eleven chronological volumes of non fiction* with a further supplementary book of ‘lost works’ published a decade later. I had managed to collect all but four of these volumes – Keep the Aspidistra Flying Vol. 4; Homage to Catalonia Vol. 6; Animal Farm Vol. 8; and, Nineteen Eighty-Four Vol.9 – which proved impossible to buy at any price so I ended-up buying another complete set in fine condition (the first I have seen on the market for many years). 

Peter Davison is very elderly now but still generously answers my emails and offers advice. These twenty volumes he edited (assisted by his late wife, Sheila, and Angus Young) total approximately 8,500 pages, with 33 plates, text illustrations, notes, references, chronologies, appendices, indices and are beautifully bound in blue cloth with their spines lettered in silver. I love the ribbon markers and feel Orwell would have approved of the dust wrappers.

On one level, The Complete Works really does make the other collections I own superfluous but then again, it is useful to have different arrangements, especially of Orwell’s essays and journalism.  I have the eleven non fiction volumes in paperback too.


Down and Out in Paris and London, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 1, Secker & Warburg, 1997 (x 2)

Burmese DaysThe Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 2, Secker & Warburg, 1997 (x 2)

A Clergyman’s DaughterThe Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 3, Secker & Warburg, 1997 (x 2)

Keep the Aspidistra FlyingThe Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 4, Secker & Warburg, 1997 

The Road to Wigan PierThe Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 5, Secker & Warburg, 1997 (x 2)

Homage to Catalonia The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 6, Secker & Warburg, 1997 

Coming Up for AirThe Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 7, Secker & Warburg, 1997 (x 2)

Animal FarmThe Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 8, Secker & Warburg, 1997 

Nineteen Eighty-FourThe Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 9, Secker & Warburg, 1997 


A Kind of Compulsion: 1903–1936, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 10, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

A Kind of Compulsion: 1903–1936, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 10, Secker & Warburg, 2000

Facing Unpleasant Facts: 1937–1939, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 11, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

Facing Unpleasant Facts: 1937–1939, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 11, Secker & Warburg, 2000

A Patriot After All: 1940–1941, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 12, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

A Patriot After All: 1940–1941, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 12, Secker & Warburg, 2000

All Propaganda Is Lies: 1941–1942, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 13, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

All Propaganda Is Lies: 1941–1942, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 13, Secker & Warburg, 2001

Keeping Our Little Corner Clean: 1942–1943, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 14, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

Keeping Our Little Corner Clean: 1942–1943, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 14, Secker & Warburg, 2001

Two Wasted Years: 1943, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 15, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

Two Wasted Years: 1943, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 15, Secker & Warburg, 2001

I Have Tried to Tell the Truth: 1943–1944, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 16, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

I Have Tried to Tell the Truth: 1943–1944, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 16, Secker & Warburg, 2001

I Belong to the Left: 1945, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 17, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

I Belong to the Left: 1945, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 17, Secker & Warburg, 2001

Smothered Under Journalism: 1946, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 18, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

Smothered Under Journalism: 1946, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 18, Secker & Warburg, 2001

It Is What I Think: 1947–1948, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 19, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

It Is What I Think: 1947–1948, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 19, Secker & Warburg, 2002

Our Job Is to Make Life Worth Living: 1949–1950, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 20, Secker & Warburg, 1998 (x 2)

Our Job Is to Make Life Worth Living: 1949–1950, The Complete Works of George Orwell – Volume 20, Secker & Warburg, 2002

The Lost Orwell: Being a Supplement to the Complete Works of George Orwell, Timewell Press, 2006 (x 2)

*There is a Kindle version at a bargain price, The Collected Non Fiction.


Uniform Series (Secker & Warburg)

Orwell fantasised – when he was a teenager and dreaming of being a FAMOUS AUTHOR – about having ‘uniform editions’ of his books in dark blue jackets, He never managed to get that desired colour but was, in the last years of his life, focused on having the works he wished to remain in print standardised. Burmese Days and Coming Up For Air (1948) were published in this uniform edition while he lived but it took until 1959 forThe Road to Wigan Pier to appear. There is nothing particularly uniform about the appearance of the books and a number of challenges often prevented the text being reprinted as Orwell wished.

Secker & Warburg

Burmese Days, Secker & Warburg, 1948 (First edition 3000 printed)

Coming Up for Air, Secker & Warburg, 1948 (First edition 5000 printed)

Down and Out in London and Paris, Secker & Warburg, 1949 (First edition 3000 printed)

England Your England and other essaysSecker and Warburg, 12 November 1953

Keep the Aspidistra Flying, Secker & Warburg, 1954 (First edition)

Uniform Edition 4

Homage to Catalonia, Secker & Warburg, 1954 (Reprint)

Nineteen Eighty-Four, Secker & Warburg, 1955 (Reprint)

The Road to Wigan PierSecker & Warburg, 1959 (First edition)

Uniform edition

Orwell Translated

During Orwell’s lifetime his books were translated into several languages. There was great interest in Eastern European to translate Animal Farm and later, after his death this accelerated with the growing fame of Nineteen Eighty-Four. My collection includes French, Spanish, German, Turkish, Chinese, Hungarian and Danish translations, many of them first editions. I have managed to find a samizdat edition of Animal Farm in Hungarian too. If you have any of these illegal, clandestinely printed books, please make contact.

“Samizdat: I write it myself, edit it myself, censor it myself, publish it myself, distribute it myself, and spend jail time for it myself.” Vladimir Bukovsky 


La Vache Enragée, Paris: Gallimard 25 May, 1935 (First French edition of Down and Out in Paris and London translated from English by Gwen Gilbert and René-Noël Raimbault – 5500 copies printed)

La Vache EnragéeGallimard, 1957. 289pp. (La Vache Enragée literally means The Raging Cow and this French edition of Down and Out in Paris and London was translated from English by Gwen Gilbert and René-Noël Raimbault)

Dans la dèche à Paris et à LondresEditions Champ Libre, 1982. 278pp. (Second French edition of Down and Out in Paris and London translated from English by Michel Pétris)

George Orwell: Correspondance avec son traducteur René-Noël Raimbault 1934-1935, édition bilingue français-anglais, Editions Jean-Michel Place, 2006. 141pp.

Tragédie Birmane‎, Nagel, August 1946. 342pp. (First French edition of Burmese Days translated from English by Guillot de Saix – 7800 copies printed)

Et Vive L’Aspidistra!Gallimard, 1960, 332pp. (First French edition of Keep the Aspidistra Flying translated from English by Yvonne Davet – No. 31 of 35 numbered copies)


La Quai de Wigan, Editions Champ Libre, 1982. 260pp. (First French edition of The Road to Wigan Pier translated from English by Michel Pétris)

La Catalogne LibreGallimard, 1955. 302pp. (First French edition of Homage to Catalonia translated from English by Yvonne Davet – No. 52 of 60 numbered copies)

Journal D’Un Anglais Moyen, Amiot Dumont, 1952. 240pp. (First French edition of Coming Up For Air translated from English by Claude de Leschaux and serialised in Le Monde during August-September 1952)

Essais ChoisisGallimard, 1960, 304pp (First French trade edition of selected essays translated with a preface by Philip Thody)



Les Animaux Partout!Odile Pathé, 15 October 1947, (First French edition of Animal Farm translated by Sophie Dévil, preface by Jean Texcier – 5000 copies printed)

Les Animaux Partout!Odile Pathé, 15 October 1947, (First French edition of Animal Farm translated by Sophie Dévil, preface by Jean Texcier – 5000 copies printed) Contemporary binding in full green fabric, guards and contreplats of handmade paper, preserved covers, marbled.

Les Animaux Partout!Odile Pathé, 1948, (French magazine format edition by Réalités Littéraires Animal Farm translated by Sophie Dévil)


La République des AnimauxGallimard, 12 June 1964. 160pp. June (Another French edition of Animal Farm with the translator not named)

La Ferme des Animaux, Ivrea, Champ Libre, June 1981. 113pp. (French edition translated from English by Jean Queval)


1984, Gallimard, Paris, 1950. 374pp. (First French trade edition of 1984 translated from English by Amélie Audiberti)

Dunn, Avril, George Orwell, mon frère, L’Échoppe, 2018. 35pp (Translated into French by Patrice Cotensin; illustrated by Ernest Pignon-Ernest) 

Gallimard and Nagel

Die Engländer – Mit 10 Abbildungen, Schlösser Verlag, 1948. 58pp. (German First Edition of The English People translated from English by Arno Dohm – 5000 copies printed)

Mein Katalonien, München, Rütten & Loening, 1964 (German First Edition of Homage to Catalonia, translated by Wolfgang Rieger).


Neunzehnhundertvierundachtzig, Zürich: Diana Verlag, 1950. 353 pp. Translated by Kurt Wagenseil, design by Lothar Schmidt).

Neunzehnhundertvierundachtzig, Zürich: Alfons Bürger Verlag, 1950. 321 pp.Translated by Kurt Wagenseil, cover art, Kurt Hilscher 

1984, Frankfurt: Büchergilde Gutenberg, 1984. Translated by Kurt Wagenseil.

Det Engelske Folk, Steen Hasselbalchs Forlag, 1948. 72pp. (First Danish edition of The English People translated from English by Paul Monrad – 2350 copies printed)

Kolgosp Tvarin Munich: Vidavnitstvi Prometei, 1947. (First Ukrainian translation of Animal Farm by Ivan Chernyatinskii with new preface by George Orwell and it has quite a publication history).


Hayvan Çiftligi, Maarif Vekâleti, 1954. 112pp. (First Turkish edition of Animal Farm, translated by Halide Edib Adivar. The novella was first published in Turkish in 1952 in instalments in Cumhuriyet newspaper. Later in 1954 it was published as a book by Turkish Ministry of Education again using Adivar’s translation. The novella was published under the title “New American Literature Series’, and this mistake continued until 1990. In the 1990 edition, ‘New American Literature’ title was removed without any explanation. First Turkish Edition. Four copies in OCLC; (Three in Turkish, one in US libraries). OCLC: 850815315.

1984, Işık Kitapları, 1958 (First Turkish edition, translated by Vahit Turhan; S Tonguç)


Katalonya’ya selam, Alan Yayinccilik, 1985. 288pp. (First Turkish edition of Homage to Catalonia, translated by Jülide Ergüder)

Trosečníkem v Paříži a Londýně, Central Workers Publishers in Prague, 1935, translated by Karl Krauss and cover by Jaroslav Šváb (thanks to Chris Angel for this insanely rare Czech translation of Down and Out in Paris and London)


1984, SDX Joint Publishing Company, (Chinese translation)

Animal Farm, Beijing October literature and Arts Press, 2010 (Chinese translation)

Animal Farm, Tai WAN Dong Fang/ Tsai Fong Books, 1993 (Chinese translation)

The Lion and The Unicorn: Socialism and the English Genius, Beijing Yanshan Press, 2015 (Chinese translation – first edition)

1984年 (1984-nen), Hayakawa Publishing/Tsai Fong Books, 2009. 511pp. (Translated into Japanese by Takahashi Kazuhisa)


Tragédia Burmában, Budapest: Káldor György Könyvkiadóvállalat, 1948 (translated by Máthé Elek, this early Hungarian first edition is not a samizdat nor is it listed in Fenwick)


1984, Európa Könyvkiadó, 1989. 373pp. (First legal Hungarian publication of Nineteen Eighty-Four translated by Szíjgyártó László)

Állati Gazdaság, Budapest: AB Publisher House, 1988. 64pp.  (This is a Hungarian samizdat edition of Animal Farm and the title translates as Animal Economy or maybe Animal Agriculture. It states 1984 on the cover but was published in 1988. It is staple bound in cerise illustrated card covers with uncredited original illustrations on most pages)

Állatfarm, Európa Könyvkiadó 1989 (First legal Hungarian publication of Animal Farm translated by Szíjgyártó László)

1984, Barcelona: Destino, 1952. 312pp (First Spanish edition translated by Rafael Vázquez Zamora)

Cataluña 1937. Testimonio sobre la Revolucion Española, Buenos Aires, Editorial Proyección, 1963. 248pp. (A fine copy of the first Spanish edition of Homage to Catalonia translated by Noemi Rosenblatt with the cover by Ruben Prieto)

Homenatge a Catalunya, Barcelona: Edicions Ariel, 1969. 218pp. (Fine first Catalan edition translated by Ramon Folch i Camarasa)

La Marca, Barcelona: Destino, 1955. 280pp. (First edition of Burmese Days in Spanish translated by Rafael Vázquez Zamora)


Sububir a Por Aire, Barcelona: Destino, 1955. 280pp. (First edition of Coming Up For Air in Spanish translated by de Ester Donato)

Venciste, Rosemary! (First edition of Keep the Aspidistra Flying in Spanish translated by José Domínguez) 


Homenaje a Cataluña (versión gráfica) by Jordi De Miguel and Andrea Lucio, Debate, 2019, 144 pages (signed by Richard Blair in Barcelona)

Mil naŭcent okdek kvar ĉe, Mondial, 2012, 288pp (Nineteen Eighty-Four translated into Esperanto by Donald Broadribb)

La besto-farmo, Munich: Publishing Company Lantern, 1970. 95pp (Animal Farm translated into Esperanto by G. Tucker)

Skotskii khutorFrankfurt am Main: Posev, 1978 (4th Impression of Animal Farm in Russian)

Оруэлл, Джордж, “1984” и эссе разных лет. Вспоминая войну. Подавление литературы. Писатели и ЛевиафанПрогресс, 1989. 384pp. (Russian language versions of Orwell’s essays)


Literary Journals, Prefaces and Other Contributions

It is wonderful to have most of the less well-known contributions Orwell made during his working career in the 1930-40s. He contributed reviews and essays too many varied literary publications. I have not managed to find copies of his earliest published writings from the late 1920s in Paris but am actively searching. Orwell wrote prefaces, including for his hero Jack London and grew to be intimately connected with the literary life of London, especially after working at the BBC for two years in 1941-3. Recently, I have been adding journals that include articles about Orwell (usually by friends) from the 1950-60s.

A large number of original journal publications (The Adelphi, The New Adelphi, Gangrel, Horizon, Partisan Review, Polemic, The Windmill and World Review) where several of Orwell’s most famous essays were originally printed grace my shelf. Orwell continued to support little literary journals even after his fame would have readily commanded higher remuneration. For example, “Why I Write”, was published in the short-lived Gangrel  during the summer of 1946.


The Adelphi was founded in the early 1920s and, extraordinarily considering the times, did not close until the mid-1950s. The journal was hugely significant to Orwell as it led to many literary contacts and important friendships. These included the editors – John Middleton Murry, Sir Richard Rees and Max Plowman – as well as contributors like Jack Common. The magazine published Orwell’s first reviews in 1929 and important early seminal writing (including The Spike and “A Hanging” in 1931). Orwell contributed regularly as a reviewer during the 1930s. His last review in The Adelphi was published in 1948.

Review of Herman Melville by Lewis Mumford, The New Adelphi, Volume III, Number 4, March-May 1930 (writing as E.A. Blair)

Review of Angel Pavement by J. B. Priestley, The Adelphi, Volume I, Number 1, October 1930 (writing as E.A. Blair)

Review of The Two Carlyles by Osbert Burdett, The Adelphi, Volume I, Number 6, New Series, March 1931, pp. 534-536 (writing as Eric Blair)


Review of The Good Earth by Pearl S. Buck, The Adelphi, Volume II, Number 3, New Series, June 1931, pp. 269-270 (writing as E.A.B.)

A Hanging, The Adelphi, Volume II, Number 5, New Series, August 1931, pp. 417-422 (writing as E.A. Blair)

Review of The Civilisation of France, by Ernst Robert Curtius, The Adelphi, Volume 4, Number 2, New Series, May 1932. pp. [ii]+[489]-566, (writing as Eric Blair)

adelphi 1932

Review of Gogol by Boris de Schloezer, The Adelphi, Volume 6, Number 1, New Series, April 1933, pp. 74-75 (writing as Eric Blair)

Review of Enid Starkie’s Baudelaire, The Adelphi, Volume 6, Number 5, New SeriesAugust 1933 (writing as Eric Blair)

Review of The Aesthetic of Stephane Mallarme by Hayse Cooperman and Baudelaire, the Tragic Sophist, by G. T. Clapton, The Adelphi, Volume 8, Number 4, New Series, July 1934, pp. [ii]+[235]-296 (writing as Eric Blair)

Review of The Poems of Rainer Maria Rilke, The Adelphi, Volume 8, Number 5, New Series, August 1934, pp. 356-357 (writing as Eric Blair)

Review of Mediaeval Religion by Christopher Dawson, The Adelphi, Volume 9, Number, 2 New Series, November 1934 (writing as Eric Blair)

Review of Caliban Shrieks by Jack Hilton, The Adelphi, Volume 9, Number 6, New Series, March 1935, pp. 279-280 (writing as Eric Blair for the last time in this journal)

St Andrew’s Day: A Poem, 1935The Adelphi, Volume 11, Number 2, November 1935, (writing as George Orwell for the first time in this journal)

Why I Write, Gangrel, Number 4, Summer 1946, Pick, J.B. (editor) Neill, Charles (associate editor)

The Lessons of War (review), Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Vol. I No.2, February 1940 (Orwell’s first appearance in Horizon)

Boys’ Weeklies, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Vol. I No.3, March 1940 (two copies)

Secret Service (review), Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Vol. I No.4, April 1940 

Frank Richards, A Reply to George Orwell, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Vol. I No.5, May 1940 

Jail Journey (review), Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Vol. I No.6, June 1940 

Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Vol. I No.7, July 1940

Horizon portrait

Poltergeists (review), Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Vol. II, No.9, September 1940 

The Ruling Class, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Vol. II, No.12, December 1940

Home Guard for Victory (review), Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume III, No. 15, March 1941

Wells, Hitler and the World State, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume IV, No.20, August 1941

The Art of Donald McGill, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume IV, No.21, September 1941

Why Not War Writers? A Manifesto, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume IV, No.22, October 1941

Anonymous response to Why Not War Writers?, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume IV, No.24, December 1941

Rudyard Kipling, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume V, No. 26, February 1942

The Sword and the Sickle (review), Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume VI, No. 31, July 1942

The Development of William Butler Yeats (review), Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume VII, No. 37, January 1943

Beggar my Neighbour (review), Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume VIII, No. 45, September 1943

Reply from author of Beggar my Neighbour, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume VIII, No. 47, November 1943

Raffles and Miss Blandish, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume X, No. 58, October 1944

Politics and the English Language, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume XIII, No. 76, April 1946

Questionnaire: The Cost of Letters, Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume XIV, No. 81, September 1946

Books of 1947 (review) Horizon: A Review of Literature and Art. Volume XVI, No. 96, December 1947

How the Poor Die, Now, Volume 6, London: G. Woodcock And Freedom Press, 1946. 72pp.

Patri, Aimé (Rédacteur en chef) Paru: L’actualité littéraire, intellectuelle et artistique, Numéro 36. Novembre 1947, Broschur; Éditions Odile Pathé, Monaco, 1947


Le Progrès Civique, No. 496, 16th February, 1929, 30pp. (Eric Blair published four articles in this paper between December 1928 and May 1929 but I have never been able to find them. This edition at least provides an example of the weekly.)

Le Progrès Civique

Monde, No 158, 13th June, 1931, 16pp.  (Eric Blair published his first professional article, La Censure en Angleterrein this paper on 6th October 1928 but I have never been able to find one. This edition at least provides an example of the rag that Henri Barbusse edited.) Thank you Chris Angel.


The Prevention of Literature, Polemic. No. 2. January, 1946. pp. 4-13.2.

Lear, Tolstoy and the Fool, Polemic. No. 7. March, 1947. pp. 2-17

Reflections on GandhiPartisan Review, Vol. XVI, No.1, 1949


1984 and Newspeak, World Review, May 1949

Unpublished Notebooks, World Review, June 1950

George Gissing Novels, The London Magazine: A Monthly Review of Literature, London, 1960, (Disbound. 8 pages separated from the original magazine)

Symons, Julian, George Orwell, a Reminiscence, The London Magazine: A Monthly Review of Literature, London September 1963, Vol. 3, Number 6


In Defence of P. G. WodehouseThe Windmill. June 1945, Volume 1, Number 2

Fen , Elisaveta, “George Orwell’s First Wife”, The Twentieth Century. August 1960 (12-page article)


Fyvel, T.R., A Case For George Orwell? The Twentieth Century, 1956, 252-259pp.  (Disbound. 8 pages separated from the original magazine)

Willison, Ian, Orwell’s Bad Good Books, The Twentieth Century, 1955, 354-66pp. (Disbound. 12 pages separated from the original magazine)

Fyvel. T.R., “George Orwell and Eric Blair: Glimpses of a Dual Life”, Encounter, Vol. XIII, No. 1, July, 1959, pp. 60-65

Orwell, George, “Some Letters”, EncounterVol XVIII No. 1, January, 1962, pp. 55-65

Powell, Anthony, “George Orwell: A Memoir”, Atlantic Monthly, Vol. 220, October 1967, pp 62-68


Searchlight Books

Searchlight Books was a series of essays edited by T. R. Fyvel and George Orwell and published by Secker & Warburg. The Lion and the Unicorn, was published on 19 February 1941 with an initial run of 5,000 copies, but the number was raised to 7,500. A second printing of 5,000 copies was ordered in March 1941. It sold over 10,000 copies (and was among the most commercially successful of Orwell’s books to that date). The destruction of the stock by bombs ended its sales. It is a pity the titles to be written by Arthur Koestler and Cyril Connolly never eventuated.

I have collected the entire series:


  • No. 4: The English at War by Cassandra (William Connors) & Philip Zec
  • No 5: The End of the Old School Tie by T. C. Worsley – with foreword by Orwell
  • No 10: Struggle for the Spanish Soul by Arturo Barea (‘Typescript and 1st Proof destroyed by enemy action May 1941)
  • No 11: The Case for African Freedom  by Joyce Cary – with foreword by Orwell
  • No 15: The Moral Blitz by Bernard Causton
  • No 16: Beyond the “Isms” by Olaf Stapledon
  • No. 17: Parents’ Revolt by Richard and Kathleen Titmuss (included in the initial project but published after the series was cancelled)
  • No 18: Life and the Poet by Stephen Spender
  • Dover Front by Reginald Foster (Front panel of dust jacket reads “A Searchlight Reporter Book”).



Orwell edited British Pamphleteers Volume 1: From the 16th Century the 18th Century and you may not know that he was an obsessive collector of propaganda. Orwell’s widow donated his extensive collection of political pamphlets to the British Museum Library. Here is the complete inventory. It is pleasing to have my papers, reviews and articles published in contemporary scholarly journals, such as George Orwell Studies, on my shelf.


George Orwell Studies, Vol.1 No. 1, 2016

George Orwell Studies, Vol.1 No. 2, 2017

George Orwell Studies, Vol.2 No. 1, 2017

George Orwell Studies, Vol.2 No. 2, 2018

George Orwell Studies, Vol.3 No. 1, 2018

George Orwell Studies, Vol.3 No. 2, 2019

George Orwell Studies, Vol.4 No. 1, 2019

Revue L’ARC N°94 George Orwell, 1984

Brown, Ivor (introduction), Current British Thought, Nicholas Kaye. 1947. 462pp. (*Includes the Horizon questionnaire on The Cost of Letters sent in 1946 to various writers, along with the responses to the questionnaire by authors including George Orwell. Contributors also include Bernard Shaw, Robert Graves, Stephen Spender, J. B. Priestly, Julian Huxley, Harold Nicolson)


Cole, G.D.H.; Laski, Harold; Orwell, George; Sutherland, Mary,Victory or Vested Interest?, Routledge, 1942

Comfort, Alex & Bayliss, John (editors), New Road 1943: New Directions in European Art & Letters, The Grey Walls Press. 230pp.

Gollancz, Victor (editor), Laski, Harold, Betrayal of the Left: an Examination & Refutation of Communist Policy from October 1939 to January 1941: with Suggestions for an Alternative and an Epilogue on Political Morality, Left Book Club, 1941. 324pp. (print on demand book)


Lehmann, John (editor), New Writing 2: Autumn 1936, John Lane the Bodley Head, 1936. (Fine copy with dust jacket and first appearance of Shooting an Elephant)

Lehmann, John (editor), New Writing: New Series 3 Christmas, 1939, The Hogarth Press, 1939. (Dust jacket and first appearance of Marrakech)


Lehmann, John (editor), Folios of New Writing: Number 2, Autumn 1940The Hogarth Press, 1939. Dust jacket (and first appearance of My Country Right or Left)

Lehmann, John (editor), New Writing in Europe, Penguin, 1940. 158pp.

includes Shooting an Elephant

Lehmann, John (editor), English Stories From New Writing, 1951, 352pp. (Dust jacket and includes, Shooting an Elephant)

Lehmann, John (editor), The Penguin New Writing (Nos. 1-11), Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1940-42. pp128-160pp. First editions

Lejeune, Anthony (ed) Time & Tide Anthology, Andre Deutsch, 1956

time and Tide

London, Jack, Introduction by George Orwell, For Love of Life, Paul Elek, 1946

Orwell, George, Review of T.S. Eliot’s Four Quartets in Poetry London, Volume 2, No. 7. October-November, 1942. pp. 64, (This issue was dedicated to Eliot and Orwell reviewed the first three of Eliot’s Four Quartets (Burnt Norton, East Coker and The Dry Salvages pages 56-59).

poetry london

Orwell, George and Reynolds, Reginald, British Pamphleteers Volume 1: From the 16th Century the 18th Century, Allan Wingate, 1948 (dust jacket)

Orwell, George and Reynolds, Reginald, British Pamphleteers Volume 1: From the 16th Century the 18th Century, Allan Wingate, 1948

Reynolds, Reginald, British Pamphleteers Volume 2: From the French Revolution to the Nineteen-1930s, Allan Wingate, 1948 (with introduction by AJP Taylor)

Rajan, B. & Pearse, Andrew (Editors), Focus TwoDennis Dobson Publications, 1946


Thomas, Elizabeth (ed.), Tribune 21, London: MacGibbon & Kee, 1958. 312 pp. (includes Orwell’s essays: “Literature and the Left”; “You and the atom bomb”; and “What I think of Tribune” which originally appeared in Tribune in June 1943, October 1945 and January 1947). 

Books about Orwell

Anytime I saw a book about Orwell I read it. My collection grew. Quite a few of the following reference works are immaculately preserved first editions, although they have no great monetary value it is their content and the assemblage of so many resources in my library that enriches. This collection of non fiction about Orwell has quite a few books that I am looking forward to be reading or completing. Those written by people who knew Orwell, sometimes when he was still Eric Blair, are of particular interest.


Agathocleous, Tanya  George Orwell: Battling Big Brother. New York: Oxford University Press. 2000.

Al-Jubouri, Firas A J, Milestones on the Road to Dystopia: Interpreting George Orwell’s Self-Division in an Era of ‘Force and Fraud’, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2014. 270pp.


Alexander, Bill, George Orwell and Spain, 198418pp.

Alldritt, Keith, The Making of George Orwell – An Essay in Literary History, St. Martin’s Press, 1969. 181pp.

Atkins, John, George Orwell – A Literary Study, Caldar & Boyers, 1971. 394pp.

Avery, Dennis, George Orwell at the BBC in 1942, Garth Press, 2017. 97pp.

Awad, Ramses, George Orwell As An Ambivalent Writer: A Critical Biography, Cairo: Al Kawmeya Bookshop, 1978. 77pp.

Bergonzi, Bernard, Reading the thirties: texts and contextsUniversity of Pittsburgh Press, 1978. 157pp.

Binns, Ronald, Orwell in Southwold, Zoilus Press, March 8, 2018. 142pp.

Bleumel, Kristin, George Orwell and the Radical Eccentrics: Intermodernism in Literary London, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004, 246pp.

Bloom, Harold (Editor), George Orwell: Bloom’s Modern Critical Views (Updated Edition)Chelsea House, 2007. 224pp.

Bound, Phillip, Orwell and Marxism: The Political and Cultural Thinking of George Orwell, I.B.Tauris, 2009

Borsboom, E. (1976) Vivo de Lanti, Paris: SAT

Borsboom, E. (2017) Kie Miozotas Memor, Paris: SAT (32 famous Esperantists remembered)

Bordes, François, La canne à pêche de Gerges Orwell, Corlevour, 2018. 112pp.

Bordes, François, “Un lieu littéraire pour la réflexion politique: la revue Paru, (p. 76-91) in La Revue des revues n° 37, Ent’revues, 2005, 128pp.

Bowker, Gordon, Inside George Orwell, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, 512pp.

Bowker, Gordon, George Orwell, London: Time Warner Books, 2003. 512pp

Bowker, Gordon, George Orwell, London: Abacus, 2004. 512pp.

Brennan, Michael G., George Orwell and Religion, Bloomsbury Academic, 2016, 208pp.

Brander, Laurence, George Orwell, Longmans, Green & Co, 1954, 212pp.

Brannigan, John, Orwell to the Present: Literature in England, 1945-2000, Palgrave, 2002. 244pp.

Brown, E.J., Brave New World, 1984, and We: An essay on Anti-Utopia, Ardis, 1986. 61pp.

Buddicom, Jacintha, Eric & Us: A Remembrance of George Orwell, Frewin, 1974

Buddicom, Jacintha & Venables, Dione, Eric and Us: The Postscript Edition, Finlay, 2006. 200pp.

Calder, Jenni, A Study of George Orwell and Arthur Koestler, Secker & Warburg, 1968, 303pp.

Calder, Jenni et al, George Orwell & Nineteen eighty-four: The man and the book: a conference at the Library of Congress April 30 and May 1, 1984, Washington: Library of Congress, 1985. 150pp.

Calder, Nigel, 1984 and Beyond, Penguin, 1984. 208pp.

Carr, Craig L., Orwell, Politics, and Power, Continuum Publishing Corporation, 2012. 178pp.

Carter, Michael, George Orwell and the Problem of Authentic Existence, Croom Helm, 1985. 228pp.

Clarke, Ben, Orwell in Context: Communities, Myths, Values, Palgrave, 2007, 225pp.

Collis, Maurice, Trials in Burma, Faber and Faber, 2011. 224pp.

Colls, Robert, English Rebel, Oxford University Press, 2013, 330pp.

Connolly, Mark, Orwell and Gissing, Peter Lang, 1997.

Coppard, Audrey & Crick, Bernard, Orwell Remembered, New York: Facts on File, 1984, 287pp. (First edition)

Coppard, Audrey & Crick, Bernard, Orwell Remembered, Ariel Books, 1984, 287pp.

Coutts Smith, Jim, George Orwell in Wallington: The Original Animal Farm, Mardleybury Publishing, 2011. 13pp.

Craig, Sandy and Schwarz, Chris, Down and Out: Orwell’s Paris and London Revisited, Penguin1984 

Crick, Bernard, George Orwell: A Life, London: Secker & Warburg. 1980. 473pp. 

Crick, Bernard, George Orwell: A Life, Penguin. 1992. 676pp.

Crick, Bernard, Essays on Politics and Literature, Edinburgh University Press, 1989. 238pp.

Cushman, Thomas and Rodden, John (editors), George Orwell: Into the Twenty-First Century. Paradigm. 2004. 316pp.

Davidson, Russ (editor), George Orwell: His Enduring Legacy (Exhibition Catalogue), University of New Mexico, 2019 


Davison, Peter, George Orwell: Diaries, Liveright, 2010, 544pp.

Davison, Peter, George Orwell: A Life in Letters, Liveright. 2013. 560pp.

Davison, Peter, George Orwell: A Literary Life. Macmillan. 1996. 175pp.

Davison, Peter (editor), Nineteen Eighty-four: The Facsimile of the Extant ManuscriptSecker & Warburg, 1984. 381pp. (First edition)

Davison, Peter (editor), Nineteen Eighty-four: The Facsimile of the Extant ManuscriptSecker & Warburg, 1984. 381pp. (First edition)

Dwan, David, Liberty, Equality, and Humbug: Orwell’s Political Ideals, Oxford University Press, 2018. 320pp.

Eagleton, Terry, Exiles and Emigres: Studies in Modern Literature, Chatto & Windus, 1970. 227pp.

Elwood, Sean (Editor), The 1984 Show, Ronald Feldman Fine Arts, 1983. 161pp.

Esteves, Olivier & Rosat, Jean-Jacques, George Orwell: Entre littérature et politique, Agone 45, 2011 (George Orwell, between literature and politics)

Etchart, Julio, Imagining Orwell from Katha to Catalonia, Blurb, 2017. 80pp.

Fenwick, Gillian, George Orwell: a Bibliography, Oak Knoll Press & St. Paul’s Bibliographies, 1998

Flynn, Nigel, George Orwell: Life & Works, Wayland Publishers, 1989. 112pp.

Fyvel, T.R, George Orwell: A Personal Memoir, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1982, 221pp.

Fyvel, T.R, George Orwell: A Personal Memoir, Hutchinson, 1983, 221pp.

Gardner, Averil, George Orwell, Twayne Publishers, 1983. 176pp.

Glover, Dennis, Orwell’s Australia: From Cold War to Culture Wars, Scribe Publications, 2004, 144pp.

Greenblatt, Stephen Jay, Three Modern Satirists: Waugh, Orwell, and Huxley, Yale University Press, 1965, 140pp.

Gross, Miriam (ed), The World of George Orwell, Weidenfield and Nicholson, 1971. 182pp.

Gross, Miriam (ed), The World of George Orwell, Weidenfield and Nicholson, 1971. 182pp.

Hall, Christopher, ‘In Spain with Orwell'” George Orwell and the Independent Labour Party Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-39, Tippermuir Books Limited, 2012. 268pp.

Hammond, J.R., A George Orwell ChronologyPalgrave Macmillan, 2000. 122pp.

Heppenstall, Rayner, Four Absentees, 1960, Barrie & Rockliff, 206pp.

Hewison, Robert, Under Siege: Literary Life in London 1939-45Methuen Publishing Ltd, 1988. 246pp.

Hitchens, Christopher, Orwell’s Victory, Penguin, 2002, 208pp.

Hitchens, Christopher, Why Orwell Matters, Basic Books, 2002. pp. 224

Hollis, Christopher, A Study of George Orwell: The Man and His Works, Racehorse Publishing, 2017

Hopkinson, Tom, George Orwell. London: Longmans Green. 1953. 40pp.

Howe, Irving, 1984 Revisited: Totalitarianism in Our CenturyHarpercollins, 1983. 276pp.

Huber, Peter, Orwell’s Revenge, Free Press, 1994. 366pp.

Hunter, Lynette, George Orwell: The Search for a Voice, Open University Press, 1984. 242pp.

Hynes, Samuel (ed), Twentieth Century Interpretations of 1984: A Collection of Critical Essays, Spectrum Books, 1971. 120pp.

Ingle, Stephen, George Orwell: A Political Life, Manchester University Press, 1993. 146pp.

Jensen, Ejner J. (Editor), The Future of Nineteen Eighty-Four, University of Michigan Press, 1986. 210pp. 

Joll, James, The Anarchists, Little, Brown & Co, 1965. 303pp.

Jowitt, J.A, & Taylor, R.K.S., George Orwell, Bradford Centre Occasional Papers No. 3Bradford: University of Leeds Dept. of Adult Education & Extramural Studies. 1981. 100pp.

Keeble, Richard Lance, George Orwell now!, Mass communication and journalism, Vol. 18, Peter Lang Inc., 2015. 

Keeble, Richard Lance, Orwell Today, Abramis, 2012

Jones, Barry; Matthews, Brian and Teichmann, George, The 1984 Orwell Lectures, Victorian Faber Society, 1984, 42pp.

Kalechofsky, Roberta, George Orwell, F. Ungar Publishing Company,1973. 149pp.

Kerr, Douglas, George OrwellNorthcote House Publishers, 2003.128pp.

Kubal, David, L., Outside the Whale: George Orwell’s Art and Politics, Univesity of Notre Dame Press, 1972. 169pp.

Larkin, Emma, Secret Histories: Finding George Orwell in a Burmese Teashop, John Murray, 2004. 232pp

Larkin, Emma, Finding George Orwell in Burma, Granta, 2011. 304pp.

Leab, Daniel J. (ed), George Orwell: An Exhibition at The Grolier Club (catalogue)Cogswell Tavern Press, 1996. 59pp.

Leab, Daniel J., Orwell Subverted: The CIA and the Filming of Animal Farm, Penn State University Press, 2007. 232pp

Lebedoff, David, The Same Man: George Orwell and Evelyn Waugh in Love and War, Scribe, 2008. 272pp.

Lee, Robert A., Notes on George Orwell’s WorksColes Publishing Company Limited, Toronto, 1970. 188pp.

Lee, Robert A., Orwell’s FictionUniversity of Notre Dame Press, 1969

Lewis, Peter, George Orwell the Road to 1984Heinemann/Quixote Press, 1981

Lief, Ruth Ann, Homage to Oceania: The Prophetic Vision of George Orwell, Columbus, 1969. 162pp.

Lucas, Scott, Orwell: Life & TimesHaus Publishing Ltd, 2003. 180pp.

Lynskey, Dorian, The Ministry of Truth, Pan MacMillan, 2019. 368pp

Man, Felix, H., Man With Camera – Photographs from Seven Decades, Schocken Books, 1984.

Marks, Peter, Imagining Surveillance Eutopian and Dystopian Literature and Film, Edinburgh University Press, 2017. 240pp.

Marks, Peter, George Orwell the Essayist Literature, Politics and the Periodical Culture, London: Continuum Publishing Corporation, 2011. 232pp.

Meyers, Jeffrey, Orwell: Life and ArtUniversity of Illinois Press, 2010. 272pp.

Meyers, Jeff, George Orwell: The Critical Heritage. London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975

Meyers, Jeff, George Orwell: The Critical Heritage. London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1975. Reprinted 1997 and 2001.

Meyers, Jeff, A Reader’s Guide to George Orwell, Thames & Hudson, 1975. 192pp.

Meyers, Jeff, Orwell: Wintry Conscience of a Generation. New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2000. 380pp.

Meyers, Valerie, George Orwell, St. Martin’s Press, 1991

Meyers, Jeffrey and Valerie, George Orwell : an annotated bibliography of criticism New York: Garland Pub., 1977

Milner, Andrew, The Road to St. Kilda Pier: George Orwell and the Politics of the Australian Left, Stained Wattle Press, 1984, 92pp.

Middleton, Haydn, George Orwell (Creative Lives), Heinemann Library, 2002

Montefiore, Janet, Men and Women Writers of the 1930s, 1996. 278pp.

Mulvihill, Robert, Reflections on America, 1984: An Orwell Symposium, University of Georgia Press, 1986. 221pp.

Newsinger, John, Hope Lies in the Proles George Orwell and the Left, Pluto Press, 2018. 208pp.

Newsinger, John, Orwell’s Politics, Palgrave Macmillan,2002, 190pp

Norris, Christopher, Inside the Myth: Orwell – Views from the Left, Lawrence & Wishart Ltd, 1984. 289pp.

Okuyama, Yasuharu, George Orwell: A Centenary Tribute from Japan, Tokyo: Color flow, Inc., 2004 (the editor is the president of the Japanese Orwell Society)

Oxley, B.T., George OrwellArco, 1969. 158pp.

Patai, Daphne, The Orwell Mystique: A Study in Male IdeologyUniversity of Massachusetts Press, 1984. 334pp.

Pearce, Robert (Editor), The Sayings of George Orwell, Duckworth, 1994. 64pp.

Phelps, Gilbert (ed) Living writers, being critical studies broadcast in the B.B.C. Third programme, London: Sylvan Press, 1947. 157pp.

Pinnock, Dan, Orwell’s Life in Wallington: A Village and its Author, Mardleybury Publishing, 2011. 29pp.

‘Plante, David, Difficult Women – A Memoir of Three: Sonia Orwell, Jean Rhys, Germaine Greer, Atheneum, 1983, 174pp.

Potts, Paul, Dante Called You BeatriceEyre & Spottiswoode, 1960, 224pp.

Potts, Paul, To Keep a Promise, London: MacGibbon & Kee, 1970. 173pp.

Quill and Brush, George Orwell – First Edition and Price Guide, Quill and Brush, 2004

Rai, Alok, Orwell and the Politics of Despair: A Critical Study of the Writings of George OrwellCambridge University Press, 1990. pp.

Rees, Richard, A theory of my time: An essay in didactic reminiscence, Secker & Warburg, 1963. 239pp.

Rees, Richard, Fugitive from the Camp of VictorySecker & Warburg, 1961. 160pp.

Rees, Richard, Fugitive from the Camp of VictorySecker & Warburg, 1961. 160pp.

Reichmann, Michael, Orwell: Shooting an Elephant – A Semiotic ApproachGRIN Publishing, 2007. 

Reilly, Patrick, George Orwell: The Age’s Adversary, Palgrave Macmillan UK, 1986, 316pp.

Richards, Vernon, ed., George Orwell at Home (and Among the Anarchists): Essays and Photographs, Freedom Press, 1998, 76pp.

Ricks, Thomas E., Churchill and Orwell: The Fight for Freedom 2017, 352pp.

Robson, Bryan, Carter, Ray, Muggeridge, Malcolm, George Orwell in 1984: Exhibition at St Paul’s School, JT Huckin & Co,1984. 20pp.

Rodden, John, The Cambridge Companion to George Orwell. Cambridge University Press.

Rodden, John, George Orwell: The Politics of Literary Reputation, Routledge, 2002, 532pp.

Rodden, John, Scenes from an Afterlife: The Legacy of George OrwellIsis Books, 2003. 305pp.

Rodden, John, The Unexamined OrwellUniversity of Texas Press, 2011, 403pp.

Ross, John, Orwell’s Cough, Oneworld, 2012. 277pp.

Ryan, David,  George Orwell on Screen, MacFarland & Company Inc., 2018. 247pp.

Savage, Robert L., Combs, James & Nimmo, Dan (Editors), The Orwellian moment: hindsight and foresight in the post-1984 world, University of Arkansas Press, 1989. 180pp.

Seaber, Luke, Incognito Social Investigation in British Literature: Certainties in Degradation, Palgrave MacMillan, 2017. 274pp.


Shelden, Michael, Orwell: The Authorised Biography,  London: Heinemann. 1991. 564pp.

Shelden, Michael, Friends of Promise: Cyril Connolly and the World of HorizonHarperCollins Publishers, 1989, 254pp

Slater, Ian, The Road to Airstrip One, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003, 312pp.

Small, Christopher, The Road to Miniluv: George Orwell, the State and GodGollancz, 1975, 220pp

Smith, David, George Orwell Illustrated, Haymarket Books, 2018. 280pp.

Smith, David, Orwell for Beginners, Writers & Readers, 2000. 192pp.

Smith, James, British Writers and MI5 Surveillance, 1930–1960, Cambridge University Press, 2013. 206pp.

Smith, Jim Coutts, George Orwell in Wallington: The Original Animal Farm, Mardleybury Publishing, 2010. 16pp.

Smyer, Richard I., Primal Dream and Primal Crime: Orwell’s Development as a Psychological Novelist, Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1979. 187pp.

Stansky, Peter (editor), On Nineteen Eighty-Four, WH Freeman & Co, 1984. 226pp.

Stansky, Peter & Abrahams, William, The Unknown Orwell, Constable, 1972. 271pp.

Stansky, Peter & Abrahams, William, The Unknown Orwell, Alfred A. Knopf, 1972. 316pp. (signed by the authors)

Stansky, Peter & Abrahams, William, The Unknown Orwell, Alfred A. Knopf, 1972. 316pp.

Stansky, Peter & Abrahams, William, Orwell: The Transformation, Constable, 1979, 240pp.

Stansky, Peter & Abrahams, William, Orwell: The TransformationAlfred A. Knopf, 1979, 302pp. (signed by the authors)

Stansky, Peter & Abrahams, William, Orwell: The TransformationAlfred A. Knopf, 1979, 302pp. (signed by Stansky)

Stansky, Peter & Abrahams, William, Orwell: The TransformationAlfred A. Knopf, 1979, 302pp.

Stansky, Peter & Abrahams, William, Orwell: The TransformationAlfred A. Knopf, 1979, 302pp.


Sutherland, JohnOrwell’s Nose: A Pathological Biography, Reaktion Books, 2016, 240pp.

Symons, Julian, 1948 and 1984: The Second Orwell Memorial Lecture, The Tragara Press, 1984. 32pp. (1 of 135 copies)

Taylor, DJ, Orwell – The Life, Vintage Books, 2003, 496pp.

Taylor, DJ, On Nineteen Eighty-Four: A BiographyHarry N. Abrams, 2019. 256pp.

Thomas, Edward M., George Orwell (Writers & Critics)Oliver & Boyd, 1965. 113pp.

Thompson, John, Orwell’s London4th Estate, 1984, 120pp.

Voorhees, Richard J., The Paradox of George Orwell, Literary Licensing LLC, 2011. 128 pp.

Wadhams, Stephen, Remembering Orwell, Penguin, 1984.

Wadhams, Stephen, The Orwell Tapes, Locarno Press, 2017

West, W.J., The larger evils: Nineteen eighty-four – the truth behind the satire, Canongate Press, 1992, 207pp.

Wildemeersch, Marc, George Orwell’s Commander in Spain: The Enigma of Georges Kopp, Thames River Press, 2013. 144pp.

Williams, Ian, Political and Cultural Perceptions of George Orwell: British and American Views, Palgrave, 2017. 186pp.

Williams, Kristian, Between The Bullet And The Lie: Essays on Orwell, AK Press, 2017. 272pp.

Williams, Raymond (Editor), George Orwell: A Collection of Critical EssaysPrentice Hall, 1974. 182pp.

Williams, Raymond, Orwell, Fontana, 1971, 96pp.

Williams, Raymond, Orwell, Fontana, 1974, 96pp.

Woodcock, George, The Crystal Spirit: A Study of George Orwell, Jonathan Cape, 1967. 288pp.

Woodcock, George, The Crystal Spirit: A Study of George Orwell, Black Rose Books. 2005. 252pp.

Woodcock, George, Orwell’s Message: 1984 and the Present, Harbour Publishing Co Ltd, 1984. 212pp.

Wright, Gordon, Jura’s Heritage – A Brief History of the Island, D.G.B. Wright (Printed at Dolphin Press), 1994. 64pp.

Wright, Gordon, Jura and George Orwell, D.G.B. Wright (Printed at Dolphin Press), 1993. 16pp.

Wykes, David, A Preface to Orwell, Addison-Wesley Longman Ltd, 1987. 200pp.


Young, John Wesley, Totalitarian Language: Orwell’s Newspeak and its Nazi and Communist Antecedents, The University Press of Virginia, 1991. 335pp.

Zwerdling, Alex, Orwell and the LeftYale University Press, 1974. 215pp.


Books Reviewed by Orwell (or influencing him)

Orwell was a working journalist, essayist and book reviewer. His output was extraordinary by any measure. His opinion of the novels, poetry and non fiction he reviewed is enhanced by reading the book too.

Auden, W.H., Spain, Faber and Faber, 1937, 12pp. (pamphlet – all royalties went to Medical Aid for Spain)


Barzun, Jacques, We Who TeachVictor Gollancz, 1946. 248pp. First Edition

Burnham, James, The Managerial Revolution or What is Happening in the World Now, Putnam, London, 1942. First Edition with DJ.

Borkenau, Franz, The Spanish Cockpit: An Eyewitness Account of the Spanish Civil War, Faber and Faber, 1937. 303pp.


Collis, Maurice, Trials in Burma, Faber & Faber, 2011. 224pp.

Constantine, Murray (Katharine Burdekin), Swastika Night, Left Book Club Edition, Victor Gollancz Ltd., 1940

Gissing, George, New Grub StreetOxford University Press, 2016. 528pp.


Goebbels, Josef, The Goebbels Diaries,  London : Hamish Hamilton, 1948. 458pp. (translated and edited by Louis P. Lochner)

Goebbels, Josef The Goebbels Diaries: 1939-1941, London: Hamish Hamilton,1982 (translated and edited by Fred Taylor)

Huxley, Aldous, Brave New World, Chatto & Windus, 1932, First Edition


Jacob, Alaric, Scenes From a Bourgeois Life, Secker & Warburg, 1949. 310pp. First Edition

Lean, E Tangye, Voices in the Darkness: The Story of the European Radio War, Secker and Warburg, 1943. 243pp. First Edition

Lenglet du Fresnoy, Nicolas, Chronological Tablets exhibiting Every Remarkable Occurrence from the Creation of the World; with characteristic traits of each event, London Vernon & Hood, et al, 1801

de fresnoy

London, Jack, The People of the Abyss, Nelson, 1903 (The author tramping in the East End inspired Orwell) Early reprint

London, Jack, The People of the Abyss – Illustrated EditionThe Workinghouse Press, 2013. 172pp.

Lyons, Eugene, Assignment in UtopiaGeorge G. Harrap and Company Limited, 1937. First Edition

Miller, Henry, Tropic of Cancer, Paris: Obelisk, Feb. 1939 Fifth Printing

Miller, Henry, Black Spring, Paris: Obelisk, Feb. 1938 Second Printing

Miller, Henry, Tropic of Cancer, Grove, 1961 First American Edition

Miller, Henry, Tropic of Capricorn, Grove,1961 First American Edition

Miller, Henry, Black Spring, The Obelisk Press,1963 First American Edition

Henry Miller

Myers, L.H., The Root and the Flower/The Near and the Far, Secker & Warburg, 1984. 583pp.

Pitter, Ruth, First Poems, London: Cecil Palmer, 1920 (First edition of the first published poetry of Orwell’s friend)

Pitter, Ruth, A Mad Lady’s Garland, The Cresset Press, 1934 (First edition. Preface by Hilaire Belloc)

Roberti, Jacques, Á la Belle de Nuit, Albin Michel, 1931. 384pp.

Roberti, Jacques (translated by Mary Ford), Houses of the Lost (Á la Belle de Nuit), London: T. Werner Laurie Ltd., 1933

Roberti, Jacques (translated by Samuel Putnam), Without Sin (Á la Belle de Nuit), New York: Convci-Friede Publishers,1932

Robinson, Captain H.R., A Modern De Quincey: An Autobiography, George G. Harrap and Co, 1942. 150pp. First Edition

Robinson, Captain H.R., A Modern De Quincey: An Autobiography, George G. Harrap and Co, 1942. 150pp. First Edition

Robinson, Captain H.R., A Modern De Quincey: An Autobiography, George G. Harrap and Co, 1942. 150pp. First Edition (in torn dust jacket)

Robinson, Captain H.R., A Modern De Quincey: An Autobiography, George G. Harrap and Co, 1942. 150pp. First Edition (in torn dust jacket)

Robinson, Captain H.R., A Modern De Quincey: An Autobiography, George G. Harrap and Co, 1942. 150pp. First Edition (signed copy in good dust jacket)

Robinson, Captain H.R., A Modern De Quincey: An Autobiography of an Opium Addict, Orchid Press, 2004. 152pp.

Captain HR Robinson 3


Siegfried, André, England’s Crisis, London: Jonathan Cape, 1931. 256pp. (translated from the French by H. H. Hemming and Doris Hemming).

Sington, Derrick and Weidenfeld, Arthur, The Goebbels Experiment: A Study of the Nazi Propaganda Machine, Yale University Press, 1943. 273pp.


Smith, Stevie, The HolidayChapman and Hall, 1949. (Orwell is satirised as Basil Tate) First Edition

Starkie, Enid, Baudelaire, Pelican Biographies, Great Britain, 1971, 720pp.

Zamyatin, Yevgeny, We, Vintage, (1920) 2007. 208pp.


Acton, Harold, More Memoirs of an Aesthete, Hamish Hamilton, 1987. 412pp.

Barber, Michael, Anthony Powell: A Life, Gerald Duckworth & Co Ltd, 2005. 364pp.

Barbera, Jack and McBrien, William, Stevie: A Biography of Stevie SmithOxford University Press, 1985. 378pp.

Barker, Francis (ed.), 1936: The Sociology of Literature – Practices of Literature and Politics, University of Exeter, 1979. 398pp.

Brandt, Bill, Camera in London, Focal Press, 1948

Brassai, Gyula Halasz, The Secret Paris of the 30’s, New York: Pantheon Books, 1977. 192pp.

Christie, WHJ., “St Cyprian’s Days”, Blackwood’s Magazine Volume 309. January – June 1971, William Blackwood & Sons Ltd., 1971. 576pp.

Cook, Thomas (Staff), India, Burma, and Ceylon: Information for Travellers and Residents, London: Thos. Cook & Son Ltd, 1928

Connolly, Cyril, Enemies of Promise, University of Chicago Press, 2008, 288pp.

Connolly, Cyril, The Golden HorizonWeidenfeld & Nicolson, 1955. 596pp.

Connolly, Cyril, Evening Colonnade, London: David, Bruce and Watson, 1973

Cockett, Richard, David Astor and The Observer, Andre Deutsch Ltd, 1992. 390pp.

Dazun, Edmond , Bannier, Lucien, Dictionnaire pratique d’esperanto: Francais-Ssperanto – Esperanto-Francais, Paris: SAT Amikaro, 1974. second edition

Fitch, Noel Riley, Sylvia Beach and the Lost Generation: A History of Literary Paris in the Twenties and Thirties, W. W. Norton & Company, 1985. 448pp.

Herschkowitz, Harry (ed.), Death: A Literary Quarterly: Vol. 1, No. 1: Summer 1946
King, Don W., Hunting the Unicorn: A Critical Biography of Ruth Pitter, The Kent State University Press, 2008. 360pp. (Inscribed to me by the author)
Koestler, Arthur, The Trail of the Dinosaur, London: Collins, 1955 (“A rebel’s progress to George Orwell’s death”)
Laity, Paul, (Editor) Left Book Club Anthology, 2001,Victor Gollancz, 320pp.
Lanti, Eugène, VortojLeipzig: Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda, 1931.

Lanti, Eugène, Leteroj de E. Lanti, kun antaŭparolo de G. Varingjen. Paris: Sennacieca Asocio Tutmonda, 1940. 272pp.

Lanti, Eugène, For la Neŭtralismon!, SAT, 28pp.

Lea F. A., The Life of John Middleton Murry, Methuen, 1959. 378pp.

Mairet Philip, John Middleton Murry, 1958, Longmans, Green & Co.

Maugham, W. Somerset, The Gentleman in the Parlour, Avon, 1947. (Originally published in 1929 this is the first paperback edition of the author’s journey from Rangoon to Haiphong) 


Montefiore, Janet, Men and Women Writers of the 1930s: The Dangerous Flood of History, Routledge, 2003

Muggeridge, Malcolm, Like It Was – The Diaries of Malcolm MuggeridgeCollins, 1981. 560pp.

Murray, John (ed.), A Handbook For Travellers In India, Burma and Ceylon, Including All British India, The Portuguese And French Possessions, And The Indian States, London: John Murray, 1924

Murry, John Middleton, The Evolution of an Intellectual, Knopf, 1920. 226pp.

Murry, John Middleton, Between Two Worlds – An Autobiography, Jonathan Cape, 1935


Nuremberg and the Moscow Trials, 1946. (Single-sheet leaflet, printed on both sides. One side has a statement (concluding with the names of all the signatories, including H G Wells, Arthur Koestler, George Padmore, Julian Symons, F A Ridley and George Orwell asking for Natalia Trotsky to be given representation at the Nuremberg trials. The other side has 24 small photographs of the leaders of the Russian Revolution, giving in each case brief details of their fate. The bookseller procured it years ago from the estate of Tom Borstein.

diaries 3

Osborne, Henry, Diaries of Henry Osborne, Sub-Deputy Opium Agent for the Opium Department, India Office, of the British Government in Bengal Province, India, 1876-1905, Lett’s Diaries Company, Ltd 

Pearson, Neil, Obelisk: A History of Jack Kahane and the Obelisk Press, Liverpool University Press, 2008

Perlès, Alfred, My Friend Henry Miller, The John Day Company, 1956 (first edition)

Philippe, Charles Louis, (Preface by T.S. Eliot), Bubu of Montparnasse, 

Powell, Anthony, To Keep the Ball Rolling: The Memoirs of Anthony Powell, Penguin Books Ltd, 1983. 458pp.

Putnam, Samuel, Paris Was Our Mistress: Memoirs of a Lost and Found Generation

Rodden, John, Of G-Men and Eggheads – The FBI and the New York Intellectuals, University of Illinois Press, 2017. 132pp.

Rust, William, The Story of the Daily Worker, London: People’s Press Printing Society, 1949

Salemson, Harold J., Thought Control in U.S.A. – Complete Proceedings of the Conference on Thought Control, California: Hollywood ASP-PCA, 1947

Salemson, Harold J., Communisme de l’Oeil avec dix dessins de Touchagues, Paris: Editions Tambour, 1930. 29pp. in 13 x 17 cm format (#61 generously gifted to me by Steve Salemson)

Salemson, Harold J., Tambour: Facsimile Edition, Volumes 1-8, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2002 (generously gifted to me and inscribed by Steve Salemson)

Salemson, Harold J., “Why Do Americans Live in Europe?” transition #14 (Fall 1928)


Schimanski, Stefan & Treece, Henry (editors), Leaves in the Storm: A Book of Diaries, Lindsay Drummond, 1947. 299pp.

Spalding, Frances, Stevie Smith: A Critical Biography1990. 332pp.

Spurling, Hilary, The Girl from the Fiction Department: A Portrait of Sonia Orwell, Counterpoint LLC, 2003, 193pp.

Spurling, Hilary, Invitation To The Dance: A Handbook to Anthony Powell’s A Dance to the Music of TimeCornerstone Digital; New Ed edition, 2011. 352pp.

Sullivan, Alvin, British Literary Magazines: The Modern Age, 1914-1984, Westport, Connecticut & London: Greenwood Press, 1986

Taylor, DJ, Lost Girls: Love, War and Literature: 1939-51, London: Constable, 2019. 400pp.

Thomson, George Malcom, Martin Secker & Warburg: The First Fifty Years, Secker & Warburg, 1986. 87pp.

Warburg, Frederic, All Authors Are Equal, St Martin’s Press, 1973. 310pp.

Wells, H.G., Orwell, et al., Nuremberg and the Moscow Trials, Socialist Appeal, 1946 (single-sheet leaflet, printed on both sides)

West, WJ., Truth Betrayed, Ronald P Frye & Co, 1987. 262pp.

Adaptations and Appropriations

Bissell, Norman, Barnhill, Edinburgh: Luath Press, 2019. 256pp. (Inscribed to me by the author)

Bond, Nelson, Animal farm: a fable in two acts, London: Samuel French, Inc., 1964. 57pp. (First edition signed by Nelson Bond) 

Burgess, Anthony, 1985, London: Hutchinson, 1978. 240pp. First edition

Caute , David, Dr. Orwell and Mr. Blair, London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1994. 210pp.

Cavendish, Dominic, Orwell: A Celebration, Oberon Modern Plays, Oberon Books Ltd, 2010. 96pp.

Clarke, Thurston, 13 O’Clock, London: Granada, 1984. 277pp.

Glover, Dennis, The Last Man in Europe – A Novel, Black Inc., 2017

Hall, Peter, The Play of Animal Farm, Heinemann, 1993

MacMillan, Duncan & Icke, Robert, 1984, Oberon Modern Plays, 2013, 96pp.

Owens, Robert; Hall, Wilton Earle; Miles, William A, George Orwell’s 1984: A Play, Chicago: Dramatic Pub Co., 1963. 88pp. (first edition)



Bierman, Robert, Keep the Aspidistra Flying, 1997 (DVD – 101 mins)

Colls, Robert, Orwell, George: English RebelNarrated by John Lee (10 hours 36 minutes)

Larkin, Emma, Finding George Orwell in BurmaNarrated by Emily Durante,Tantor Media Inc, 2010. (8 hours 17 minutes)

Orwell, George, A Clergyman’s DaughterNarrated by Richard Brown, Blackstone Audio Inc, 2019. (10.5 hours)

Orwell, George, Animal Farm, Narrated by Simon Callow (3 hours 11 minutes)

Orwell, George, Burmese Days, Narrated by Allan Corduner (10 hours 19 minutes)

Orwell, George, Down and Out in London and ParisNarrated by Jeremy Northam (6 hours 57 minutes)

Orwell, George, Homage to Catalonia, Narrated by Jeremy Northam (8 hours 59 minutes)

Orwell, George, Keep the Aspidistra FlyingNarrated by Richard E. Grant (9 hours 1 minute)

Orwell, George, Nineteen Eighty-fourNarrated by Andrew Wincott (12 hours 22 minutes)

Orwell, George, Such, Such Were the Joys and Other Essays, Narrated by Frederick Davidson, Blackstone Audio Inc, 1993. (12.5 hours)

Orwell, George, The Complete Poetry, Narrated by Greg Wise and Dione Venables (2 hours 19 minutes)

Orwell, George, The Road to Wigan Pier, Narrated by Jeremy Northam, (7 hours 37 minutes)

Radford, Michael, 1984, 1984, (Bluray – 113 mins)

Shelden, Michael, Orwell – The Authorised Biography, Narrated by Frederick Davidson, Blackstone Audio Inc, 1993. (19 hours)

Wadhams, Stephen, Unpublished Recordings, CBC Radio recording, 1983. (Courtesy of The Orwell Society)

West, Morris, 2UE: Lux Radio Theatre: Nineteen Eighty-Four (starring Vincent Price), 1955, 2UE, Australia

Wilkinson, Gary, Wildflower, 2014 (DVD – 15 mins)

Darcy @ The Fitzroy Tavern

Darcy @ The Fitzroy Tavern


Newsinger, John, Hope Lies in the Proles George Orwell and the Left, Pluto Press, 2018. 208pp.

Rodden, John, Becoming George Orwell: Life and Letters, Legend and Legacy, Princeton University Press, 2020. 377pp.

Saunders, Lorraine, The Unsung Artistry of George Orwell, Ashgate, 2013, 170pp.

Taylor, DJ, On Nineteen Eighty-Four: A BiographyHarry N. Abrams, 2019. 256pp.


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